Waste-to-landfill: Bold answers to our biggest waste issue

Pioneering demolition Christchurch company Taggart has proved you can salvage between 70 to almost 100% of construction and demolition (C&D) waste from landfill – including over 98% of the remains of Lancaster Stadium’s Tui Stand.

The Taggart team crushed and reused concrete from the Tui Stand for civil construction projects. Gravel hardfill was reused under the Nga Puna Wai sports grounds.

Taggart CEO Paul Taggart says a big motivator for the business to reduce waste was becoming the first company to achieve a C&D Waste Services ecolabel from Environmental Choice New Zealand. Taggart applies the ecolabel to projects that meet strict environmental standards for reduction and measurement of waste.

“Because the ecolabel sets the toughest standards for C&D waste removal in New Zealand, it’s a high benchmark for us to set ourselves against,” says Paul. “In the year since we got the ecolabel, 14 of our projects have achieved its standards. That means we have diverted thousands of tonnes of waste from landfill by relocating, recycling, reusing, or repurposing materials from demolitions.”

C&D waste accounts for almost half of all waste in Aotearoa’s landfills and is increasingly under scrutiny by the government and councils.

Paul has five pieces of advice for others tackling New Zealand’s biggest waste stream.

Know your reasons

After the Christchurch earthquake and the rebuild, the volume of material going to dump was “mind blowing,” Paul says. “I thought, there had to be a better way to clean up the city. That’s when we really started to think about how to reuse, recycle or repurpose materials.

“We’re all passionate about our work and diverting waste from landfill has become part of our culture. We are now more about resource reuse and recovery than standard demolition.”

Third party certification

He says the company sought the Environmental Choice New Zealand ecolabel to set the company apart from competitors and provide verification of its waste-reduction processes.

“It shows we are different from those that knock buildings down and take things straight to the dump.

“Having the ecolabel helps us win tenders, especially in the public sector. After deconstructing the Tui stand, we moved on to the concrete floors and foundations of the Lancaster Stadium and recycled the concrete back in the park. Steel will be sold as scrap. That means we have achieved 100% recovery on this project.

“Having the ecolabel sets a standard and inspires us all to think creatively about how we can divert, reuse or recycle waste.”


One of the largest obstacles facing New Zealand is the lack of measurement around construction and demolition waste.

The Environmental Choice ecolabel has strict requirements for measuring and reporting. Paul says diverting 70% was the minimum to achieve the ecolabel requirement, but the team wanted to beat that where they could.

“Each project has its own waste minimisation plan including how we will sort and separate materials on site. Concrete and brick are processed, crushed, and recycled for use in civil construction projects such as carparks.”

Costs and benefits

Paul says the real driver for Taggart, the company, is that the cost of dumping is very expensive and it’s a big bonus if they can find smarter ways of dealing with materials that bring an environmental saving as well.

“We found being reuse-focussed didn’t add more time, and because we won more work as a result, we were able to invest funds into new equipment.”

Staff engagement

Each year, says Paul, Taggart employees take on a sustainability challenge and last year decided to see what else could be repurposed within the business rather than sent to landfill.

“We had 14 teams competing – each team could only use materials from their site. They were given eight hours to create an item that was auctioned on TradeMe with the proceeds going to the team’s chosen charity. The winning inventions – a brazier, a poultry feeder and a dog bed– raised more than $1,500 for charity.”

Environmental Choice New Zealand CEO Francesca Lipscombe says Taggart’s achievements show companies do not need to sacrifice time or cost to achieve results that are environmentally best practice. “Paul and his team are leading by example. New Zealand has one of the highest rates of landfill waste disposal in the developed world, but Taggart has shown that reducing waste is not only good for the country, but it’s good for business, too.”